Friday, December 2, 2016

Defend Mark 16:9-20 and John 7:53-8:11 This Christmas

          Are you looking for a Christmas present for someone who rejects, or is unsure about, Mark 16:9-20 and John 7:53-8:11?  Do you know a preacher, seminary professor, student, or apologist who would enjoy spending a winter evening delving into detailed research involving manuscripts, patristic testimony, and internal evidence pertaining to the two most significant textual variants in the New Testament?
          If so, this Christmas may be the perfect time to provide your friends with resources to help them become thoroughly informed about these two passages.  A Fresh Analysis of John 7:53-8:11: With a Tour of the External Evidence is on sale now at Amazon – available as a Kindle e-book – for 99 cents.  The 2015 edition of Authentic: The Case for Mark 16:9-20 is also on sale for 99 cents.  Previews of both books can be read at the Amazon website.  
          In A Fresh Analysis of John 7:53-8:11, I advocate the theory that in the early church, a specific passage was selected to be read annually on Pentecost, consisting of John 7:39-52, with John 8:12 attached to give the passage a positive concluding flourish, and the intervening verses (7:53-8:11) were skipped because they were considered thematically alien to the celebration of the coming of the Holy Spirit to the church.  As a result, in a very early copy that was used in church-services by a lector (Scripture-reader), marks or notes were put in the margin, instructing the lector to skip from the end of John 7:52 to the beginning of John 8:12. This manuscript was then used by a copyist who was unfamiliar with the annual use of the text at Pentecost, and he interpreted the marks to mean that he, the copyist, should skip from the end of 7:52 to the beginning of 8:12, and that is exactly what he did, and thus the passage was lost in an influential transmission-line.  A substantial appendix at the end of A Fresh Analysis of John 7:53-8:11 describes major and minor witnesses for, and against, the passage.
          Here is a summary of the Table of Contents of A Fresh Analysis of John 7:53-8:11

PREFACE
EXTERNAL EVIDENCE:  
(1) Early Greek Manuscripts                                     
(2) Early Versions 
(3) Lectionaries                                                         
(4) Writings of the Early Church 
(5) Marks that Accompany John 7:53-8:11 or 8:3-11 in Some Copies 
(6) Notes About John 7:53-8:11 in Some Copies     
(7) Variations in the Location of the Passage   
(8) Augustine’s Theory of Excision

INTERNAL EVIDENCE:  
(1) Vocabulary                                                           
(2) Linguistic Style 
(3) The High Number of Variants in the Pericope Adulterae 
(4) The Continuity of John’s Narrative With or Without the Pericope Adulterae

FIVE MISCELLANEOUS CONCERNS 
CONCLUSION
Appendix:  A Tour of the External Evidence

          In Authentic:  The Case for Mark 16:9-20I advocate the theory that Mark was interrupted as he was writing Mark 16:8, and his colleagues finished the otherwise unfinished narrative by attaching a brief summary about Jesus’ post-resurrection appearances that Mark had already written. Only after the narrative was thus completed did people begin to make copies of the Gospel of Mark for church-use. Thus, Mark 16:9-20 should be regarded as inspired, authoritative, canonical Scripture, just as the last two chapters of Proverbs are regarded as inspired, authoritative, canonical Scripture even though they were not added by the main author of Proverbs.  Along the way I demonstrate that many claims that have been spread by commentators and various other writers (including some Bible-footnote-writers) about this passage and the evidence pertaining to it are incorrect.
          Here is a summary of the Table of Contents of Authentic: The Case for Mark 16:9-20:

PART ONE: EXTERNAL EVIDENCE:  
(1)  External Evidence from the 100’s 
(2)  External Evidence from the 200’s 
(3)  Chapter 3: External Evidence from the 300’s 
(4)  External Evidence from the 400’s 
(5)  Some External Evidence from the 500’s and Later 
(6)  External Evidence with the Double-Ending 
(7)  Lectionary Evidence 
(8) Phantom Evidence

PART TWO: INTERNAL EVIDENCE
(9)  “Ephobounto Gar”
(10)  The Vocabulary and Style of Mark 16:9-20
(11)  Evidence of the
Independence of Mark 16:9-20

PART THREE: PROPOSED SOLUTIONS
(12)  Four Theories about How the Ending was Lost
(13)  Why Mark 16:9-20 Was Excised in
Egypt
(14)  Closing Thoughts

APPENDICES
(1)  The End of Mark and the Synoptic Problem
(2)  A
Response to Dan Wallace’s Chapter in Perspectives on the Ending of Mark


          Also available at Amazon as Kindle e-books, and also 99 cents, are The Letter of James – Translation, Commentary, and Greek Text, and Assorted Essays on New Testament Textual Criticism.  Assorted Essays (though marred by typographical errors and font-glitches where some non-English terms occur) supplies two of my own essays and eight notable public-domain resources; here is its Table of Contents:
(1)  Equitable Eclecticism: The Future of New Testament Textual Criticism by James Snapp, Jr. (2010)
(2)  The Common Origin of Sinaiticus and Vaticanus by J. Rendel Harris (1893)
(3)  Selections from The Criticism of the New Testament (1902 – The St. Margaret Lectures)
(4)  Two Lectures on the Gospels by F. C. Burkitt (1901)
(5)  A Defense of “in the Prophets” in Mark 1:2 by James Snapp, Jr. (2010)
(6)  Selections from The Palaeography of Greek Papyri by Frederic G. Kenyon (1899)
(7)  Some Thoughts on the Textual Criticism of the New Testament by George Salmon (1897)
(8)  The Freer Gospels and Shenute of Atripe by Edgar Goodspeed (1909) 
(9)  Selections from Praxis in Manuscripts of the Greek Testament by Charles Sitterly (1898)
(10)  The 1897 Oxford Debate on N.T. Textual Criticism, in American English.

My response to Reza Aslan’s book Zealot is also available as an e-book, for $1.50 – Jesus: Zealous Savior of the World.



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